[2020] Relationship between resting-state theta phase gamma amplitude coupling and neurocognitive functioning in patients with

2020-07-15 10:52
Lee, Tak Hyung, Minah Kim, Wu Jeong Hwang, Taekwan Kim, Yoo Bin Kwak, and Jun Soo Kwon. "Relationship between resting-state theta phase-gamma amplitude coupling and neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode psychosis." Schizophrenia research 216 (2020): 154-160.

Although cognitive dysfunction is a core element of schizophrenia, the neurobiological underpinnings of the pathophysiology are not yet sufficiently understood. Because the resting state is crucial for cognitive functioning and electroencephalography (EEG) can reflect instantaneous neural activity, we investigated theta phase-gamma amplitude coupling (TGC) of resting-state EEG and its relationship with cognitive function in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) to reveal the neural correlates of cognitive dysfunction.

A total of 59 FEP patients and 50 healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state, eyes-closed EEG recordings and performed the Trail Making Test Part A (TMT-A) and Part B (TMT-B) and California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT). TGC from the source signal of the resting-state EEG in default mode network (DMN)-related brain regions was compared between groups. Correlation analyses were performed between TGC and cognitive function test performance in FEP patients.

Mean resting-state TGC was larger for the FEP patients than for the HCs. Patients with FEP showed increased TGC in the left posterior cingulate cortex, which was correlated with better performance on the TMT-A and TMT-B and on immediate and delayed recall in the CVLT.

These results suggest that patients with FEP show compensatory hyperactivation of resting-state TGC in DMN-related brain regions, which may be related to the reallocation of cognitive resources to prepare for successful cognitive execution. This study not only highlights the neural underpinnings of cognitive dysfunction in FEP patients but also provides useful background to support the development of treatments for cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia.

Cross-frequency coupling; Default mode network; Electroencephalography; Theta phase-gamma amplitude coupling; Resting-state