종합병원 정신건강의학과 낮병원의 역할변천 및 발전 방향: 주간집중치료센터 소개
The role of the day hospital as a mediator between psychiatric ward admission and return to the community has been weakening in general hospitals. The purpose of this paper is to suggest new developmental directions for the day hospital in general hospitals. The history and the operation model of day hospitals were investigated through a bibliographic search. The national mental health care system and the operational realities of the day hospital were also reviewed. The Seoul National University Hospital (SNUH) Day intensive care center (DICC) was introduced ; we then observed several indexes of the SNUH day hospital before and after the institution of DICC. The number of national community mental health care centers is increasing, and the role of this center is similar to the role of the day hospital. The SNUH day hospital invented a short-term intensive care program named DICC for patients with obsessive compulsive disorder, panic and mood disorders and showed marked increment of the number of patients and income after introduction of the DICC. There might be some benefits in introduction of the DICC to psychiatric day hospitals. The role of the DICC will be highlighted in general hospitals, not only for improvement of day hospital management, but also to help patients through early intervention.